Based on the improved performance metrics, which we recently added to our stock screens, the following company may be a value stock:
Philip Morris International Inc. (NYSE: PM)
Philip Morris International is a leading international tobacco company engaged in the manufacture and sale of cigarettes and other nicotine-containing products in markets outside the United States. Through multidisciplinary capabilities in product development, state-of-the-art facilities, and scientific substantiation, the company aims to ensure that its smoke-free products meet adult consumer preferences and rigorous regulatory requirements. Management’s vision is that these products ultimately replace cigarettes.
A quick look at the share price history for the company (below) over the past twelve months shows that the price is up 6%.
Even though the company has a market cap of $145 Billion and a price of $93.94, here’s why the company may be a value stock:
Implied Value To Price
IV/P or Intrinsic Value to Price: This column compares the stock’s Implied Value (Earning Power, Incremental Growth plus Shareholder Yield)to the current price. The number represents the value offered for each dollar invested. IV/P greater than one (1) indicates that each dollar invested receives more than $1 of Intrinsic Value. IV/P less than one indicates less than $1 of Intrinsic Value for each dollar invested. The IV/P is necessarily a rough estimate. These stocks benefit from mean reversion in multiples, and no mean reversion in fundamentals. Where the market is applying a lower Acquirers Multiple to a stock’s Expected Return, it may indicate an undervalued opportunity. This is a profitability-at-a-reasonable price screen. Historically, getting more an IV/P lower than about 0.6–each dollar invested buys 60 cents or less of Intrinsic Value–is overvalued.
Acquirers Multiple: Ranking on this column shows the stocks with the lowest multiples in the universes. These are deep value stocks that may benefit from mean reversion in the underlying businesses. This is the traditional deep value screen.
Expected Return (%)
E(r) or Expected Return (%): The sum of a stock’s Earning Power, Incremental Growth and Shareholder Yield. This is a variation of Bruce Greenwald’s calculation. It assumes no mean reversion in multiples or fundamentals.
Return On Assets (5YAvg%)
ROA or Return on Assets: Ranking on this column shows the stocks with the highest five-year average operating income returns on total assets. These are the most profitable companies in the universes over the last five years.
Incremental Growth (%)
Incremental Growth (%): This is the reinvestment rate (capital expenditures less depreciation divided by total assets) multiplied by ROA. It can be positive–if cap ex exceeds depreciation–or negative–if cap ex falls short of depreciation. Companies with a high reinvestment rate and a high ROA will score higher on the Incremental Growth metric. Low or negative reinvestment rates and a low ROA will score lower on the Incremental Growth metric.
FCF Yield (%)
FCF Yield or Free Cash Flow Yield: Trailing Twelve-Month Free Cash Flow divided by Market Capitalization. Another traditional deep value screen. These stocks benefit from mean reversion in fundamentals and multiples.
Shareholder Yield (%)
Buyback Yield, Dividend Yield, and Shareholder Yield show the stocks with the highest payout ratios.
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